AUTHOR: NDUBUISI ANULIKA
DEPARTMENT: HUMAN KINETICS AND HEALTH EDUCATION
AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA
This study was designed to determine the prevalence of common pregnancy complications among women in Nnewi metropolis, from 2004 to 2008. Twelve research questions and eleven hypotheses were postulated for the study. Literatures on common pregnancy complications were reviewed. The data for the study were collected from the folders of pregnant women who attended antenatal clinic and/or delivered at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi. Being a retrospective study, there was no need for sampling, as all the folders of pregnant women that were deposited at the hospital’s Health Records Department within the period of study were analysed. Eight hundred and twenty one (821) pregnant women were recorded to have attended antenatal clinic and/or delivered at the hospital within the five year period. Research questions postulated for the study were answered using percentages, charts and table presentations. Also, hypotheses stated were tested, using the Chi square statistic at 0.05 level of significance. The results showed that most common pregnancy complication in Nnewi metropolis from 2004 to 2008 was malaria (20.24%), followed by haemorrhage (13.97%), retroviral disease (10.11%), preeclampsia (8.05%), and placenta praevia (6.67%). The least common pregnancy complication was ectopic pregnancy (2.07%), followed by uterine rupture (2.07%), placenta abruption (2.30%), gestational diabetes (3.45%). Of the 821 pregnancies recorded at NAUTH, Nnewi, from 2004 to 2008, 52.98 percent had various pregnancy complications, while 47.02 percent had no complications. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of common pregnancy complications of the women in Nnewi metropolis from 2004 to 2008, based on age, education, occupation and Christian denomination. The following pregnancy complications resulted in maternal death in Nnewi metropolis from 2004 to 2008: anaemia (18.18%), eclampsia (18.18%), breech presentation (9.09%), preeclampsia (9.09%), preterm labour (9.09%), PPROM (9.09%), uterine rupture (9.09%), retroviral disease (9.09%) and hypertension (9.09%). Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that public awareness campaigns should be intensified amongst women in Nnewi metropolis to educate them on common pregnancy complications, their signs and symptoms and possible preventive measures. This could be accomplished through seminars, workshops and conferences organized by relevant government and non-governmental agencies during Women’s gatherings like August meetings.
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Tags: Conception, Gestational Diabetes, Human Kinetics and Health Education Thesis-2010, Maternal Morbidity, Maternal Mortality, Placental Abruption, Pregnancy, pregnancy complications, Silent Struggle Theory.