AWARENESS AND ATTITUDE OF LECTURERS IN SOUTH-SOUTH FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA TOWARDS THE ESTABLISHMENT OF INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES

AUTHOR: ESOSWO FRANCISCA OGBOMO

DEPARTMENT: LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE 

AFFILIATION:  NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

Scholars and researchers have increasingly expressed dissatisfaction with the existing model of scholarly communication such as high subscription prices for journals, heightened awareness that universities might lose print materials that are not properly archived and restricted access. These issues have contributed to the quest for alternative modes of preservation and dissemination of information such as institutional repositories (IRs). IRs have been considered one of the disseminating and preserving method for scholarly research publications. The success of IR is dependent on the awareness and attitude of lecturers. The main purpose of the study is to assess the level of awareness of and attitude of lecturers in federal universities in the South-South zone of Nigeria towards the establishment of institutional repositories. In order to investigate lecturers’ awareness and attitude in these federal universities in Nigeria, four research questions and six null hypotheses were formulated for the study. The descriptive survey research was employed in the study. From a population of 3,786 lecturers, a sample of 1136 lecturers was drawn using a multi-stage sampling technique. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The questionnaire was validated by Senior Lecturers in the Departments of Library and Information Science and Measurement and Evaluation respectively. Section by section reliability was carried out on the instrument using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficients r to determine each section’s reliability. The reliability co-efficient of each of the four sections are: Section B: Awareness of IR, r= 0.62; Section C: Attitude of lecturers towards establishment of IR, r= 0.75; Section D: Lecturers willingness deposit their research output in an IR, r= 0.74; and Section E: Benefits of IR as perceived by lecturers, r= 0.76. Of the 1136 copies of questionnaire administered, 946 copies were returned. Simple percent and mean were used to answer the research questions while ANOVA was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 levels of significance. The study revealed that there is significant difference in the level of awareness of IR among lecturers from different faculties in South-South federal universities in Nigeria. There is no significant difference in the level of awareness of IR among lecturers of different academic status. Lecturers become aware of IR through academic staff/colleagues and Internet browsing. There is significant difference in the attitude towards the establishment of IR among lecturers from different faculties. There is no significant difference in the attitude towards establishment of IR among lecturers of different academic status. There is significant difference in the willingness to deposit
research output in IR among lecturers from different faculties. There is no significant difference in the willingness to deposit research output in IR among lecturers of different academic status. The study concludes that universities should encourage promotional activities geared towards creating awareness of IR which will in turn enhance positive attitude towards IR establishment in universities.

TO VIEW THE FULL CONTENT OF THIS DOCUMENT, PLEASE VISIT THE UNIZIK LIBRARY WEBSITE USING THIS LINK, http://naulibrary.org/dglibrary/admin/book_directory/Thesis/10964.pdf

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