COMPONENTS OF THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOUR AS PREDICTORS OF INTENTION TO ABANDON FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION AMONG PARENTS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

AUTHOR:  ILO, CAJETAN IKECHUKWU

DEPARTMENT: HUMAN KINETICS AND HEALTH EDUCATION

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY AWKA

This study was on components of Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) as predictors of intention to abandon Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) among parents in Enugu State. The main purpose was to investigate whether the predictor variables of attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control can predict intention to abandon FGM. It also determined the influence of socio-demographic variables (levels of educational attainment, age, FGM status of females in family, gender and location of residence of parents) on the parent‟s intention to abandon FGM. To achieve the purpose of the study, nine objectives and corresponding research questions were posed and nine hypotheses postulated on the relationship between attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and intention. The study was a correlational survey which studied the intention of parents to abandon FGM. The sample size for the study was 1500 parents drawn from a population of 1,454, 919 parents. The instrument for data collection was a 65 item, Intention to Abandon Genital Mutilation Questionnaire (IAGMQ) with an overall reliability coefficient of .79, however the intention, attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control subscales had reliability coefficients of .69, .65, .79 and .67 respectively. Research question 1-4 were answered using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient; research questions 5-9 were answered using mean and standard deviation. Hypotheses 1-4 were tested using simple and multiple regression, hypothesis 5 and 6 were tested using ANOVA while hypotheses 7-9 were tested using the t-test statistic. The results showed that the construct of TPB had moderate to high relationships with intention with the following correlation coefficient: attitude (r = .44), subjective norms (r = .49), perceive behavioural control (r = .71) and combination of the variables (.69), these were statistically significant and predicted intention. The results on the influence of socio-demographic variable showed that all the predictor variables of TPB contributed to intention each with a mean value above 2.5 and were influenced by the socio-demographic variables understudy. The influences of these variables on intention were significant except gender at .05 level of significance. Based on these findings, conclusions were drawn and the following recommendations made among others: that TPB be adopted as theoretical basis for studies in and intervention against FGM and that past behaviour be incorporated as a construct of TPB in the study of FGM to improve the predictive ability of the theory.

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