AUTHOR: EMENDU, NNAMDI BENNETT
DEPARTMENT: SCIENCE EDUCATION
AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA.
This study investigated the effect of Availability and Utilization of Chemistry Laboratory Equipment on Students’ Achievement in chemistry in senior secondary schools in Anambra State. The study was carried out in three education zones, namely Awka, Ogidi and Onitsha which were randomly selected from the six education zones in Anambra State. A sample of 135 chemistry teachers and 900 chemistry students was used for the study. Five research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The instruments used were Chemistry Laboratory Equipment Checklist (CLEC), and Chemistry Achievement Test (CAT). Four experienced lecturers validated the instruments after which they were pilot-tested using chemistry teachers and students who were not part of the sample of study. The reliability coefficient was established using Pearson Product Moment correlation co-efficient and was found to be 0.86 and 0.83 for CLEC and CAT respectively. The data collected were analyzed using frequency, percentages, means and SD for research questions. The null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using t-test. The major findings were: Sixty percent of chemistry teachers indicated the availability and utilization of chemistry laboratory equipment in schools. Students in schools where the equipment were available and utilized by teachers and students, achieved and stated the usage of chemistry laboratory equipment higher than students in schools where the equipment were not available and not utilized. Recommendations were made to the government to make the chemistry equipment available in secondary schools for teachers and students.
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Tags: Achievement, Bruner’s Theory, Chemistry, Chemistry Curriculum., Chemistry External Examinations, Chemistry Laboratory Equipment, Consonstructivism, Discovery Teaching Method, Gender, Laboratory Work, Learning Theory, Science Education-PhD-2012, Teaching Techniques