A HOSPITAL BASED STUDY OF MALARIA IN NDIEGORO COMMUNITY, ABA SOUTH L.G.A. ABIA STATE.
AUTHOR: UMEH, JUDE MMADUKA
DEPARTMENT: PARASITOLOGY AND ENTOMOLOGY
AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA
The study surveyed the prevalence of malaria as well as management practices adpted in Ndiegoro community, Aba South L.G.A., Abia State between May and August 2009. Blood samples of 300 individuals who attended local hospital were examined using Giemsa stained thick and thin films, One hundred and fifty two (152) persons (51%) were infected with Plasmodium falciparum. The age group 0-5 years (74.3%) had the highest prevalence, while the age group 36-45 years ( 40.0%) recorded the lowest prevalence in the study. Males ( 58.7%) were statistically more infected than females ( 43.3%) ( p< 0.05 ). Structured questionnaire were also administered to obtain their management practices. On the help-seeking behavior of the respondents more persons (63.4%) in the age group 0-15 years attend laboratories for diagnosis more often than those in the age group 16> (36.6%). More of the respondents resorted to patent chemist (27.6%) for treatment purposes. Visit to hospitals for treatment was the least patronized (12.0%). Some of the respondents combined more than one methods in their treatment for malaria. The use of prophylactic drugs( 6.0%) and insecticide treated nets( 1.8%) were the least preventive measures adopted by the respondents. This was due to the financial constraint and non- awareness of them. Malaria still remained a public health problem in Nigeria and data on its precise prevalence in some communities has remained unidentified.
Tags: Algid Malaria, Anemia, Anopheles arabiensis, Anopheles funestus, Anopheles gambiae, Blackwater Fever, Cerebral Malaria, Diagnosis of malaria, Epidemiology of Malaria, Female Anopheles mosquitoes, Geographical Distribution of Plasmodium, Hypoglycemia, Life Cycles of Malaria Parasites, Malaria, Malaria control, Malaria vector, Parasitology and Entomology Thesis 2009., Pathogenesis and Pathology of Malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium vivax, Prevalence of Malaria in Nigeria, Transmission of Malaria