AUTHOR: LEONARD OBIEFUNA
AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY AWKA
A.J Ayer a logical positivist and indeed at all his fellow logical positivists were moved by the achievements and clarities in science and as it were, they moved to bring these achievements and clarities in science into philosophy. They believed that there are ambiguities and confusion in philosophical languages and that such ambiguities and confusions would be a thing of the past in philosophy when they are all jettisoned. It was their view also that those ambiguities in philosophy gave rise to metaphysics. Metaphysics for these positivists was to be expunged because it contained no knowledge as it purports to give. They (positivists) termed its knowledge pseudo-knowledge. In this work therefore, I wish to show that no matter the amount of attack directed to metaphysics by Ayer and his co-positivists, metaphysics will never be eliminated because man must go beyond the physical to explain realities like: life, God, man, world and man’s place in it, justice etc. for the sake of this work, I shall employ analytical method in order to do justice to this work.
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Tags: A.J. Ayer, Analytical Movement, August Comte, B. Russell, British Idealism, Carnap, Charles Sanders Pierce, Classical Positivism, Condorcet, Criticisms on Principle of Verification, David Hume, Direct and Indirect Forms of Verification, Elimination of Metaphysics, Empiricism, G.E. Moore, Henri Saint Simon, Immanuel Kant, John Dewey, Language Logic and Truth, Linguistic analysis, Logical Atomism, Logical Positivism, Metaphysics, Neo-Hegelianism, Nominalism of William of Ockham, Philosophy Thesis 2009, Practical Verifiability, Pragmatism, Principles of Verification, Strong and Weak Forms of Verification, The Principle of Verification, Turgot, Vienna Circle, William James, Wittgenstein