EVALUATING CURRENT WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL IN ONITSHA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA

AUTHOR: NWIKE, EDITH CHINWE 

DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

This research studied women participation in household solid waste disposal in Onitsha North Local Government Area with the aim of assessing women involvement in the planning, execution and implementation of waste disposal activities in the area. Data collection methods include the use of questionnaire, interviews and observations. The questionnaire covered information on personal data, occupation, and method of handling wastes at home, how satisfied women are with the way solid wastes are being disposed of and their willingness to participate in solid waste disposal. Six research questions were raised and based on the six stated objectives. Survey design was used for the study since the researcher focused on people, their beliefs, attitudes and behavior. The population of study were married women residing in Onitsha North L.G.A. Through the use of cluster stage and systematic sampling techniques, 400 married women were administered with copies of questionnaire. Interviews, observations and documented materials were also used to collect data for the study. Data were presented on tables, charts and percentages. Minitap computer software was used in analyzing the work. The survey found out that 70% of women in the area are highly literate. Those with higher academic qualifications handle wastes better than less qualified women. 37% of the women in the area are traders and this tends to affect the components of wastes they generate and eventually dispose of. The informal (private) sector organizations combined, evacuate more wastes from 64% of the women and do so more frequently than ANSEPA which is the statutory body charged with the exercise. The women are not generally satisfied with the sanitary condition of the area as well as their level of participation in solid waste disposal. Women between the ages of 31- 40 years are more willing to participate in solid waste disposal. This group of women should be involved in the programme. Through adequate environmental education and training, government can effectively mobilize and encourage women to properly separate household wastes at home and also practice better organized disposal of these wastes to final disposal sites. This can, in turn, be used to provide employment and ensure poverty alleviation.
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