AUTHOR: OBI SYLVESTER NWAFOR
DEPARTMENT: GEOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY/ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA
This study was carried out to examined the processes of abattoir operations in Amansea and Ugwuoba and to know their related health hazards to the public. The processes involved in abattoir in both Amansea and Ugwuoba were examined . A survey on the waste generated and methods of disposal in the two abattoirs were also looked at to know the effects these wastes may have on the environment, if not properly managed. Structured questionnaires were designed and used to interview the abattoir operators and managers. Primary data were obtained from the questionnaire and subjective responses of the population; the researcher observation and from processes in abattoir operations, type of wastes generated and their mode of disposal. Information about how the respondents’ perception of the abattoir condition and the methods of meat processing was acquired. Laboratory Analyses were carried out on the abattoir wastes. Sampling was done forth-nightly and sampled analyzed to determine the type and intensity of contamination. All the values obtained from different parameters were compared with the standards established by FEPA and WHO in Nigeria in order to obtain deviations and establish impact of abattoir wastes on human health and ecological system. The result obtained from the analysis show that the Amansea and Ugwuoba abattoirs were highly polluted resulting in the present meat contamination going on and endangering the health of the public and the ecosystem. The present government policy which led to this ugly situation and the recommended remedial policy measures were highlighted. Measures to eliminate or eradicate the hazards of waste generated in the abattoir at Amanseas and Ugwuoba during slaughtering operations were recommended.
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Tags: abattoir, Abattoir effluent, abattoir operation, beef slaughtering plant, BOD, evisceration, Fasciola gigantic, food infection, food poisoning, Geography and Meteorology/Environmental Management Thesis-2007., liquid wastes, meat hygiene, meat inspection, meat packaging, meat processing, meat production, meat storage, microbial contamination of meat, paunch manure, Salmonella, Sanitation, Skinning, solid waste concentration