KNOWLEDGE OF ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF STROKE AMONG ADULTS IN NNEWI URBAN AREA

AUTHOR: NWANKWO, CLEMENTINA UKAMAKA

DEPARTMENT: HUMAN KINETICS AND HEALTH EDUCATION

 

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

The study is on knowledge of associated risk factors of stroke among adults in Nnewi urban. Stroke has profound and devastating effects on human beings. It hasbeen observed that there is a great number of mortality and morbidity as a result ofstroke in Nnewi urban. New cases of stroke are being recorded each day and previous records (2004-2008) from Nnamdi Azikiwe Teaching Hospital can attestto this. Ensuring quality life and longevity is a challenge because adequate knowledge of stroke-related factors is very vital. Thus, the rationale for the studywas to determine the knowledge of associated risk factors of stroke possessed byadults in Nnewi urban. Five research questions and three hypotheses guided thestudy. Adopting a survey research design, a sample frame of 8,610 adults wasdrawn by the use of purposive sampling technique. Data were collected from thesubjects using structured questionnaire. The face and content validity of the instrument was ascertained by six experts and also the researcher’s  supervisor,while the reliability of the instrument was established through split-half methodand data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficientand a coefficient alpha of 0.94 was obtained. The instrument was administered to the  subjects face to face. Descriptive statistical measures, t-test and  ANOVA wereused to analyze data. The findings showed that the commonest risk factors of stroke include stress, use of  contraceptives like oral pills; and hypertension. Only 2920 (34%) of the adults have good knowledge of the associated risk factors of stroke. The female adults are more knowledgeable than the male  adults. Adults of different age groups differ significantly in their knowledge of associated risk factors of stroke, and that adults differ significantly in their knowledge of the associated risk factors of stroke based on their educational levels. The researcher therefore concluded that since adults in Nnewi urban generally possessed low knowledge of associated risk factors of stroke, health education is highly needed at Nnewi urban. Hence, the following recommendations were made; first, there is need for state and local government to sponsor a well packaged health education programme through the mass media to enlighten the populace on the associated risk factors of stroke. Secondly, state and local government should organize seminars or workshops for health facility staff on proper screening and early detection of  people at risk. Thirdly, people should adopt healthy life styles.

TO VIEW THE FULL CONTENT OF THIS DOCUMENT, PLEASE VISIT THE UNIZIK LIBRARY WEBSITE USING THIS LINK, http://naulibrary.org/dglibrary/admin/book_directory/Thesis/10343.pdf

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