MALARIA INFECTION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINICS IN ENUGU STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TEACHING HOSPITAL (ESUTTH), ENUGU, NIGERIA

AUTHOR: ONUZULIKE, OBIANUJU IMMANUELLA 

DEPARTMENT: PARASITOLOGY AND ENTOMOLOGY

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

A study of malaria infection on the pregnant women attending ESUTTH and its haematological parameters was carried out between May and July, 2011 in Enugu state. Blood samples were collected and examined for malaria using thin film stained with giemsa and haematological parameters such as Haemoglobin level (Hb), blood group, genotype using the haematocrit method, slide method, haemoglobin electrophoresis technique at alkaline pH using cellulose acetate membrane (CAM) respectively. Of the 308 sampled, 196 (63.6%) were infected with malaria parasite. More infection 107(87.7%) was recorded among primigravidae than the multigravidae 89(47.8%) these differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05, df =1, X2cal= 49.4, X2tab= 3.851). Highest prevalence was recorded among those in their first trimester 97(77.0%) and lowest among those in the third trimester 37(46.3%), these differences were also statistically significant (P < 0.05, df =3, X2cal= 20.8, X2tab= 5.991). Pregnant women with AA genotype recorded the highest prevalence of 82% while AS had 19.8%; this difference was significant at 5% level (P < 0.05, df =3, X2cal= 108, X2tab= 5.991). No SS individual was encountered. Ninety three (87%) of primigravid mothers, 40 (45%) of the multiparae recorded heamoglobin levels lower than the World Health Organization benchmark (11g/dl). Anaemia was dependent on infection status, pregnancy status and parity of pregnancy (P<0.05). The effect of malaria and its clinical features on the mother and foetus was again re-stressed with emphasis on availability, affordability and sustainability of malaria control efforts.

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One Response to “MALARIA INFECTION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINICS IN ENUGU STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TEACHING HOSPITAL (ESUTTH), ENUGU, NIGERIA”

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