AUTHOR: OKECHUKWU DANIEL CHIDIEBERE
AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA
Plato introduced his ideal state to salvage bad governance that could spring up from bad leaders. He classified the citizens of his Republic into three categories; Guardian (Rulers), Auxiliaries (Military) and the Artisans (Farmers). He apportioned duties for each of the three classes and conditions that make one a member of either of the classes. He defined duties for both the sate and individuals that make up the state and introduced Justice as a means of assuring peace in the state, which is by the principle of one minding his duties without interfering with others. The individuals owe the state a duty of obedience, while the state on the other hand owes the individuals a duty of security and provisions of other amenities. Finally, Plato’s ideal state is a pace setter for all generations and has made a whole lot of positive impact which prevails over his mistakes throughout the history of political Philosophy.
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Tags: Aristotle, Artisan, Auxiliaries, Classification of individuals, Common man, Epistemology, Ernest Barker, F. Copleston, Guardians, Harmony, Ideal State, Justice, Karl Popper, Notion of the individual, Obligation of the State, Obligation to the State, Philosophy Thesis 2009, Plato, Plato’s Republic, Political Philosophy, State, The Philosopher king