THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIZATIONAL TYPE AND PERCEIVED JOB CHARACTERISTICS ON ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR OF WORKERS IN A ANAMBRA STATE

AUTHOR: EZEAKU, OBUMNEME TIMOTHY CHUKWUEZUGO

DEPARTMENT: PSYCHOLOGY

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA.

The study described the influence of organizational type of perceived job characteristics on organizational citizenship behaviour of workers in Anambra State. A total of 250 participants were used in public and organized private sectors respectively. Job characteristics scale (Hackman & Oldham, 1975) and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour scale (Lee & Allen, 2002) were used. Findings suggested that (i) there was no significant relationship between organized private and public sector employees on the manifestation of citizenship behaviour F (1, 247) = .01, p< .91; (ii) there was a positive significant relationship between job characteristics of employees and OCB (r = 0.19, p<.01); (iii) on job characteristics for all employees only skill variety (B= .18, t = 2.53, p<.01) made positive and significant relationship to OCB; (iv) testing for OCB on job characteristics for organized private employee there was a significant change in variance in OCB F (10, 112) = 2.14, p< .02; R= .40, R2 = .16; (v) testing for OCB on job characteristic for public employee, job characteristics accounted for near significant variance on OCB with F (9, 112) = 1.84, p< .06; R= .36, R2 = 13. The findings of the study were important in that it supported some existing theories and advanced the course of knowledge.

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