AUTHOR: ANYAOKU, EBELE NKIRU
DEPARTMENT: LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA
Worldwide, there is report of increase in the incidence, morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes. Management of chronic diseases is a day-to-day affair in which patients are required to manage their diseases through self-care. The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between patients’ access to health information and patients’ self-efficacy in managing chronic diseases in Tertiary Health Institutions in South East Nigeria. Specifically, the study determined the extent to which patients’ access to disease-specific information, coping information, treatment information, and lifestyle modification information relate to patients’ self-efficacy in self-management. The sample of study was 784 patients. Nine research questions and nine hypotheses guided the study. Two validated questionnaires: Patients’ Health Information Access Questionnaire and The Self- Efficacy Scale for Managing Chronic Disease were used to collect data. The questionnaires were tested for reliability using Cronbach’s alpha (α) test. α scores obtained and which were acceptable were .939 and .799 respectively. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) was computed to analyze data to answer the research questions. The results of data collected and analyzed showed there was a significant (p<0.05) positive linear correlation between access to health information on disease, coping, treatment, lifestyle modifications and patient’ self-efficacy in managing chronic diseases. In addition, result showed there was a significant (p<0.05) positive linear correlation between patients’ access to health information from doctors, pharmacists, nurses and other patients, churches, television, newspapers, books, and patients’ self-efficacy in managing chronic diseases. Access from family and friends was not significantly associated (p>0.05) with self-efficacy. Multiple regression analysis computed showed that age, disease type and duration of treatment in the teaching hospital were significantly associated with self-efficacy in managing chronic diseases. Based on the findings, the study recommended that medical librarians, health professionals, and other information providers should ensure that patients are provided with access to health information in all areas of self-management. This will enable them cope successfully with chronic diseases.
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Tags: Chronic Disease, Chronic Disease/Information Access- Self Efficacy, Health Information, Health Information Access, Health Information Access/Use, IBM Application-Chronic Disease Management, Information-Motivation/Behavioral Skill Model, Library and Library Information Science-Phd-2013, Monitoring/Blunting Theory, Monitoring/Blunting Theory Implication., Self-Efficacy, Social cognitive theory