THE NIGERIAN ARMY IN THE CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS IN NIGERIA, 1960-1979

AUTHOR: EMEH, CHIKEZIE ANYALEWACHI

DEPARTMENT: HISTORY AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

On the 15th of January, 1966, the myth of civil supremacy in Nigeria’s civil- military relations was shattered. On that day, the army seized political power and subjected the rest of the society to military dictatorship, which eventually lasted for thirteen years. During the period, the expectation was that the military would proffer solutions to the numerous socio-political challenges and crises that destroyed the First Republic. In this work, an attempt has been made to study the dynamics of civil-military relations in Nigeria from 1960 to 1979, with a view to presenting a balance sheet on the impact of the role of the Nigerian Army during the period, on the civil society. With data largely derived from primary, secondary and tertiary source materials, the study, which is expository as well as analytical, offers a penetrating insight into the historical development of the Nigerian Army, and how this conditioned the role it played in the post independence era. The contention of the work is that, during the period under study, civil- military relations were a reflection of the social conflicts and crises that prevailed in the country. The military, while in power, absorbed these crises, and rather than become agents of national integration and stability, they, with their civilian collaborators, became facilitators of political instability through coups and counter coups that pitched one ethnic group against the other. The work concludes by making some recommendations that will enhance healthy civil-military relations when carefully applied.

TO VIEW THE FULL CONTENT OF THIS DOCUMENT, PLEASE VISIT THE UNIZIK LIBRARY WEBSITE USING THIS LINK, http://naulibrary.org/dglibrary/admin/book_directory/History_International_Relations/11406.pdf

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