NIGERIA’S ‘BIG BROTHER’ ROLE IN AFRICAN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: IMPACT ON NIGERIA’S NATIONAL INTEREST, 1975-2012

AUTHOR: UGWUNNE, CONSTANCE AMAKA

DEPARTMENT: HISTORY AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

Foreign policy undeniably deals with the relations between sovereign actors in the international system. Foreign policy can thus be understood as a range of intended actions as well as a set of strategies for executing the intended actions. The foreign policy system of any state is appraised from three major realms; this includes the internal environment, the external environment and psychological frame of the decision-makers. The aim of any state’s foreign policy could be short-range or long-range, again, the formulation milieu could be the internal or external environment but the major concern of any sensible state’s foreign policy would always be the achievement of the state’s national interest. Since independence, Nigeria has professed Africa as the ‘cornerstone’ of its foreign policy. This philosophy has ensured the continuation of what some scholars have variously referred to as ‘Big Brother’ foreign policy or ‘Show Boy’s’ foreign policy. What is more, having identified Nigeria’s national interest to include: consolidation of democratic values, economic development and security of the country, the relevant question to be asked thus becomes: how does Nigeria’s big brother foreign policy help in the achievement of these stated interests. This study thus investigates Nigeria’s ‘Big Brother’ role in African international relations especially how this impacts on Nigeria’s foreign policy. The observation is that this foreign policy thrust has benefited the country little or no tangible benefits. The study, therefore, voices the imperative of the need to over-haul and re-invent not only the foreign policy objectives of the country but also its philosophical foundations. The study adduces some policy measures on how to go about the task of restructuring the foreign policy systems of the Nigerian state.

TO VIEW THE FULL CONTENT OF THIS DOCUMENT, PLEASE VISIT THE UNIZIK LIBRARY WEBSITE USING THIS LINK, http://naulibrary.org/dglibrary/admin/book_directory/History_International_Relations/11426.pdf

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