PROBLEMS AFFECTING THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF RETIRED ANAMBRA STATE SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS AND THEIR COPING STRATEGIES

AUTHOR: UBAH, GRACE NWAKAEGO

DEPARTMENT: GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

Evidence from literature shows that retirement for teachers is a source of phobia and stress due to uncertainties that bedevil retirement. For this reason, some teachers process and tender false affidavits/declaration of age in an attempt to perpetuate their stay in teaching, despite clear evidence that they have passed statutory age of retirement and their productivity is being affected adversely. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the problems of retired teachers in Anambra State that constitute obstacles to their psychological well-being, as well as identify the coping strategies employed by these retirees. The retirees’ problems were viewed from their economic, social, physical and self-esteem status. Guided by eight research questions and eight hypotheses, the study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprised 2310 retired teachers in the six Education Zones in the State. The sample size was 1000 retired teachers made up of (615 females and 385 males) selected by accidental sampling technique. A researcher developed questionnaire that measured the problems affecting the psychological well-being of retired teachers and their coping strategies (PAPWRTCS), was used for data collection. The reliability index of the questionnaire was obtained, using Cronbach Co- efficient Alpha method. Data collected were analyzed using mean statistics, frequencies and percentages to answer the research questions and z-test to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that majority of retired teachers perceived their economic, social, physical and self-esteem status as problems that affected their psychological well-being. A significant gender difference was found in the perception of retirement effect on their economic, social and self-esteem status. However no significant gender difference was found in the perception of physical fitness as a problem that affect their psychological well-being at retirement. All the identified coping strategies with the exception of item numbers 25 and 27 on economic and social coping strategies respectively were accepted by the retired teachers as useful in attaining psychological well-being at retirement. There was a significant gender difference in the retired teachers use of identified coping strategies. Based on these findings implications were pointed out and recommendations made, which included that employers are to make concerted effort to give meaningful help to teachers to enable them save money while in service and also provide them with relevant and useful information about retirement through workshops and seminars.

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