Author: Nwachukwu Emeka Aloh
Department: Educational Management and Policy
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for identifying entrepreneurial skills need of retiring principals’ and teachers’. This retirees do not invest their retirement benefits wisely and the researcher was motivated by the need to develop an instrument for identifying retiring principals’ and teachers’ entrepreneurial skills need; establish the validity of Retiring Principals and Teachers Entrepreneurial Skills Need Scale (RPTESNS); determine the reliability of RPTESNS; and determine the norms for principals and teachers based on gender and location. There were four research questions for the study. The research design was instrumentation research design. The study was conducted in the five South Eastern States of Nigeria. The study population was 29, 697 respondents, consisting of 1240 principals and 28,457 teachers. A sample of 3,218 respondents were used- 372 principals and 2,846 teachers. The samples were obtained at various stages during instrument development. The instrument was validated using factor analysis, Cronbach Alpha reliability, mean scores and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions. The results showed that the instrument that has been developed identified 32 entrepreneurial skills which is useful in identifying the skills needed by this retirees. These 32 factorially pure items were loaded in 3 factors which the researcher named business planning entrepreneurial skills (factor 1), forecasting future needs entrepreneurial skills (factor 2) and feasibility and human relations entrepreneurial skills (factor 3). The instrument was found to be valid with 32 items whose factor loadings were more than 0.35. The reliability coefficient of RPTESNS was 0.80. The reliability coefficients of the three factor sections were 0.76, 0.70 and 0.82 respectively. Norms were determined for principals’ and teachers’ based on gender and location. The study recommended among other things that test developers and researchers should determine the factorial purity and norms of items of a test before using them for any purpose, either for research or classroom use.

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