Author: Emenike Chioma Blessing
Department: Educational Management and Policy
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka
Online social network has become a platform for students to carry out various activities including communicating with mates, discussing class assignments and exchange of information, but there seems to be a widespread abuse of its usage among students. This necessitated this study which sought to ascertain the extent of usage of online social network among secondary school students and its influence on their academic achievement. Four research questions were answered and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population for the study was 15,005 SS 2 students in all the 256 public secondary schools in Anambra State. A sample of 1,500 SS 2 students sampled through multi stage sampling were involved in the study. A researcher developed instrument titled “Social Network Usage and Influence on Students’ Academic Achievement”(SNUISAA) was used for data collection.The administration of the instrument was done by the researcher and four research assistants. The instrument was validated using three experts from the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. The reliability of the instrument was ascertained using Cronbach alpha and it yielded reliability co-efficient of 0.78Frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while z-test statistic was used to test the hypotheses. The study found out among others that majority of secondary school students in Anambra State use online social networks and do so for social purposes. Based on the findings it was recommended among others that there is need for government and educational administrators to evolve strategies to guide and ensure that students are sensitized on good and responsible use of the social networks. The implications of the study were drawn and these include that online social network is not harmful to students academic achievement and should be encouraged but should be matched by parental direction and supervision. Conclusion as well as suggestions for further studies were made.
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