IMPACT OF PUNISHMENT ON THE LEVEL OF DISCIPLINE, AS PERCEIVED BY TEACHERS AND STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE

Author: Onwusogbulu Edith Ogochukwu
Department: Educational Management and Policy
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The purpose of the study was to examine the teachers’ and students’ perceived effects of punishment in maintaining discipline in secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area. Six research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive research design was adopted. The entire population was 20,927. While the sample size consisted of 1968 for both teachers and students from eleven state owned secondary schools. Disproportionate stratified random sampling technique was used to select the number of students and proportionate stratified random sampling for teachers. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire of 34 items administered personally to the subjects. Data analysis was done using the mean scores an Z-test. The study revealed that principals use the following punishment measures in the schools: Retributive, Deterrent and Reformative punishment measures. The findings further revealed among other things that teachers’ and students’ agreed on he perceived effects of retributive oriented punishment in maintaining discipline. Teachers and students perceptions differed significantly on the effects of deterrent and reformative oriented punishment measures in maintaining discipline in schools. Among other recommendations were that; (a) there is need for the introduction of a code of conduct for students in secondary schools and (b) awareness campaigns are equally necessary.

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