PRINCIPALS’ USE OF MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES (MBO) FOR EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SOUTH EAST STATES

Author: Udegbe Rose Ngozi
Department: Educational Policy and Management
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

This study investigated principals’ use of Management by Objectives (MBO) for effective management of secondary schools in the South East States of Nigeria. Six research questions and six hypotheses guided the study. The sample of the study comprised of 870 respondents made up of 406 male and 464 female principals selected through proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The 60-item researcher’s developed instrument structure titled “Questionnaire on Extent of Principals’ use of Management by Objectives” (QEPUMBO), validated by experts was used to obtain data. Internal consistency of the items were tested using Cronbach’s Alpha and the reliability alpha coefficient values cluster by cluster were: 0.86, 0.86, 0.84, 0.84, 0.84 and 0.87 respectively for the six sections. Aggregate scores and simple percentages were used to answer the research questions while z-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings indicated that majority of the principals use MBO to a high extent in their six basic tasks performance in school management except in students’ management where greater number of South-East States principals apply MBO to a low extent. It was also found that there was significant difference in the mean scores of male and female principals in their use of MBO in their six basic tasks performance except in students’ management in which there was no significant difference. Based on the findings of this research, it was among others recommended that principals should attend remedial training programmes in the use of MBO for effective management of students.

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