Author: Nwankwo Francis Emeka Echezona
Department: Guidance and Counseling
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka
The study of the relationship between sexual dysfunctions and family cohesion of married secondary school teachers in Anambra State was prompted by the growing impressions of sexual dysfunctions and increasing cases of marital discord among the populace. The problem of poor marital quality that borders on poor family-cohesion remains a source of concern to the society. Sexual dysfunction is regarded as any problem that prevents the derivation of satisfaction from normal sexual activity, and thus appear to adversely affect family cohesion and marital quality. The need becomes urgent to find out whether sexual dysfunction and family cohesion could be possibly related in any way in order to enable possible interventions to be sought. The study was guided by five research questions, while five null hypotheses were tested. The correlational survey research design was adopted in the study. A sample of 901 married secondary school teachers were purposively drawn from 5502 teachers in the state. The respondents were administered the standardized sexual dysfunction index (SDI) instrument, and the marital cohesion questionnaire (MCQ). The SDI has a concurrent validity of r=0.25, and reliability coefficient of α=0.86. The MCQ was subjected to face and content validity by experts, with Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient (α=0.88). Summated scores and Pearson Product Moment Coefficient were used to answer the research questions while Z-test and t-test of correlation were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 levels of significance. The findings of the study show among others that over 50% of the teachers experience sexual dysfunction. Up to 70% of the teachers have good marital cohesion while 30% have poor marital cohesion. Also high inverse relationship exists between the married teachers’ sexual dysfunctions and their marital cohesion. Among the recommendations made include that: counsellors should organize community base guidance and counselling services to assist people with sexual dysfunction to improve the condition thereby enhancing their marital cohesion; and that Counselling Association of Nigeria (CASSON) should issue licences to Family Counsellors to enable them establish clinics in towns and villages to reach clients in need of their services in order to improve marital cohesion in the State.
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