Author: Enemuo Ngozika Karen
Department: Human Kinetics and Health Eduacation
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka
Breast cancer is on the increase all over the world and it is a public health issue of serious concern particularly in developing countries including Nigeria. In fact, it is the most common cancer and the second principal cause of death among Nigerian women. The main aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and practice of Self Breast Examination among female teachers in Enugu metropolis. To achieve this, twelve research questions were formulated and eleven null hypotheses and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population was 1,500 female secondary schools teachers in public secondary schools in Enugu Metropolis. A multi stage sampling technique was used to select a sample size of one thousand and fifty (1050) female teachers in Enugu metropolis. Selfadministered questionnaires was used; the data were analyzed using frequency distribution, percentage, bar chart, mean to answer the research question and chi- square to test the hypotheses. The findings of the study showed that the female teachers in Enugu metropolis had moderate knowledge of SBE and low level of practice of SBE. Also the study further indicated that level of education, age and religion had significant influence on knowledge and practice of SBE among female teachers in Enugu metropolis except for marital status. Finally, based on the findings; it was recommended among others that Public enlightenment campaign should be intensified among female secondary school teachers in Enugu metropolis to educate them on basic knowledge and practice of self breast examination such as signs and symptoms of breast cancer, some correct procedures of performing SBE and risk factors of breast cancer, to enable them convey the information to their student mainly the younger girls. This could be accomplished through seminars, workshops and conferences organized by relevant health workers and non-governmental agencies such as community health on cancer awareness (CHCA), Nigerian Medical Association (NMA), Girls Power Initiative (GPI), Community Life Project, and Medical Women’s Association of Nigeria (MWAN) etc.
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