A STUDY OF CORRUPTION PRACTICES AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Author: Adzer Teryima David
Department: Building
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

Corruption is one of the major obstacles to social, political and economic progress that has frustrated development needs of our society (Dike,2008). The Transparency International has consistently ranked Nigeria high in the list of most corrupt countries of the world (T I, 2012). That corruption is prevalent in Nigeria is no longer an issue for debate. This research on the study of corruption practices and its effect on the construction industry in Enugu State, Nigeria is an attempt to investigate the causes of corruption in the construction sector in Nigeria and the effects of corruption on the Industry. The aim of the study is to determine the effects of corruption on the construction industry in Enugu state particularly and Nigeria generally and proffer solution for curbing the menace. The research methodology adopted for the study was the descriptive survey design. The main instrument used for generating primary data was the questionnaire, secondary data were sourced from textbooks, journals, papers, related research work and the Internet. The stratified random sampling technique used in deriving the sample size, produced a sample size of 158 from a population of 261 actively registered professional members of six professional bodies in the built environment working in Enugu state. Data collected were, statistically analysed using the mean score and ranking technique and presented in tables, bar and pie charts. The hypotheses was put in null and alternative form and tested by the use of the chi-square method. Among the causes of corruption revealed are poverty, poor wage system, greed and excessive crave for wealth, pressures from family and friends among others. The study identified various effects of corruption on the construction industry and invariably on the nation. Among the effects identified include; rise in cost of infrastructure, sub standard projects, project abandonment and delay in project completion date among others. Corruption has negative effects on the construction Industry in Nigeria. Recommendations made on measures needed in curbing corruption include; Proper whistles blowing procedures to be put in place within the various organisations for anonymous reporting of corrupt acts, improved monitoring mechanism by regulatory professional bodies to hold operators in the industry accountable and applying of proper sanction or penalty against offenders of codes and rules in the industry should be without fear or favour. Companies or organisations found perpetrating corruption should be blacklisted and prosecuted. The recommendations here given if implemented will go a long way in curbing the menace of corruption and its negative impact on the industry.

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