Author: Ogunoh Peter Emenike
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka
Buildings are essential facilities which represent a substantial percentage of most tertiary institutions assets, user needs and operating costs. The maintenance and operational levels of these buildings are very crucial to educational effectiveness. However, in spite of the crucial role of these buildings in the education and construction sector of the economy, most educational buildings in Nigeria are in deplorable conditions as a result of lack of maintenance. Nnamdi Azikiwe University is fast growing and so are the infrastructural needs in terms of building structures. The efficient and effective maintenance management of both new and old buildings constitutes a challenge to the management. Presently, studies on maintenance of buildings have not been conducted in sufficient details for educational buildings in Nigeria, particularly buildings at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka. This research was therefore, aimed at evaluating the building maintenance practices and their impact on the achievement of educational goal and objectives in Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. The study was carried out at Awka, the main campus of the University, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital at Nnewi and Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences Agulu. The methodology involved survey design, review of related literature, two sets of structured questionnaires, direct observations, walk through evaluations, interviews and photographs. The sample techniques involved both purposive and stratified random sampling applied on a population of 1300 staff, students and 84 buildings respectively. Data was analyzed using frequencies, percentages and mean scores. Pearson correlation coefficient, regression analysis and student t-test were employed in testing the hypotheses. Results revealed generally that there is a widespread culture of poor maintenance across some buildings in the study area. Structural elements were defective and building components in poor condition of maintenance. The study revealed also that maintenance of buildings in the institution is not effective. Maintenance is reactive rather than proactive and no evidence of maintenance plan and manual were in use. The research concluded that lack of building maintenance, funding and management decision play an important role in the physical condition of buildings which in turn affect staff productivity and students’ academic achievement. The study recommends among others regular annual budgetary allocation to building maintenance; review the budgets from time to time to accommodate inflationary trends and early release of funds. Management should explore other ways and means of generating and sourcing funds for maintenance as a result of restrictions on government subsidies to institutions. The research strongly advocates the inclusion of building maintenance plan and manual as part of the building procurement process. The final output is the development of building maintenance management model and maintenance organizational structure recommended for adoption by the case organization as instruments to navigate to future competitive success in educational building
maintenance. This research has established a basic level of awareness and understanding among construction practitioners that building maintenance can be used as a tool for delivering strategic objectives in the management of educational buildings.
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