EFFECT OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION ON SUSTAINABILITY OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY PROJECT IN EBONYI SOUTH SENATORIAL ZONE, EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA

Author: Nnamani Emmanuel Chinedu
Department: Cooperative Economics and Management
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The broad objective of this is to examine the effect of community participation on sustainability of rural water project in Ebonyi south senatorial zone. The study focused on ascertain the number of rural water supply schemes executed and their functional status in their location, the degree to which the community’s stakeholders participated in the schemes, as well as the factors influencing sustainability of rural water supply schemes. Data for the study were collected from 283 residents of the zone employing a mix of multi-stage and random sampling techniques. Data collection was through a 5-point likert scale questionnaire and the data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using descriptive statistics such as frequency count, means and standard deviation. Further analysis was done using Mann-Whitney U Test to examine relationship among and between variables and to test the three formulated hypotheses. Findings of the study revealed that, in most of the communities in Ebonyi South Senatorial Zone, some developmental projects such as water project were funded by the respective communities and other organizations. The water projects that were funded through counter-part arrangements were highly sustainable when compared to those that were funded solely by government. It further disclosed that there was significant relationship between the level of participation and sustainability of water project. The research therefore recommended that participatory strategies especially such as adoption of measures that could promote participation in water supply project.

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