EFFECTS OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA

Author: Okeke Chinwe Susan
Department: Cooperative Economics and Management
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

This research was on the effects of community participation in rural development in Anambra State, Nigeria. This was in terms of conception, implementation and use of rural development projects. The research design for the study was descriptive. The population for the study was 4,182,032. A sample of four hundred (400) was drawn using Taro Yamani and multistage sampling techniques. The major sources of data were primary data which was drawn mainly with a questionnaire. Secondary data such as text books, journals and internet material were used for the review of related literature. The instruments used for analysis were both descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics used were table, mean and standard deviation while inferential statistics was regression analysis. Chi Square test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to test the hypotheses. Findings revealed that rural people participated in the establishment of rural projects such as markets and rural roads. Their participation in establishment and use of rural projects were found to have been influenced by their socio-economic background such as age, marital status and association. The most significant were age and marital status. Indeed, use of rural development projects was found to have significantly enhanced their socio-economic wellbeing. However, certain challenges such as illiteracy, needs differences among others constrain them from participating in rural development activities. In view of the findings, the researcher recommended that the literacy level of the rural dwellers should be improved through formal and informal education such as film shows, counseling, seminars and evening classes. Also, the level of participation by the rural dwellers should be increased through sensitization programmes that will enable them form more community based organizations such as fund raisers association and farmers’ association.

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