Author: Onuoha Onyekachi Chibueze
Department: Cooperative Economics and Management
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka
The study compared the socio-economic and institutional factors affecting adoption of new agricultural technologies by members and non-members of agricultural Co-operatives alongside the level of awareness of new agricultural technologies, their adoption and challenges faced by each of the groups. The study area is Anambra State and the population of the study was made up of all the 45 Agricultural Co-operative Societies that collaborate with the Anambra state Agricultural Development Programme (ASADEP) and all the individual farmers that collaborate with ASADEP. A multi stage sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 320. Primary data was sourced through the use of structured questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed using both descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (regression, ANOVA). The findings made include that there is a significant difference in the level of awareness and adoption of new agricultural technologies between members and non-members of agricultural co-operatives. Awareness and adoption of new technologies are higher among members of agricultural cooperatives compared to non-members. Some factors that affect the adoption are sex, age, educational qualifications, farm size, household size, level of extension services and mass media sensitization. The key Challenges affecting adoption of the new technology are inadequate finance, lack of infrastructure, inadequate farm land and high cost of farm labour. However, the challenges encountered by the two groups differ significantly. Recommendations made include greater encouragement of extension services, use of Small Plot Adoption Trial (SPAT) in disseminating new information of new technologies, promotion of co-operative groups and provision of regular educational seminars, workshops and symposia by ASADEP, Secondary co-operatives and co-operative department.
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