ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGs) AND IT’S EFFECTS ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ANAMBRA STATE

Author: Onyekineso Johnpaul
Department: Cooperative Economics and Mangement
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

Community participation is commonly understood as the collective involvement of people in accessing the programmes and projects that are designed to cater for their needs. The importance of community participation in millennium development goals wealth creation programmes and project is non negotiable. Communities in Anambra State lacks some basic infrastructures (e.g. road network; health care; electricity, water, affordable education etc) which are capable of improving their quality of life. The study examined the effects of community participation on rural development with reference to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) wealth creation programmes in Anambra State. The sample size of 318 respondents were determined through multistage sampling technique. Data gotten were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics with the help of SPSS version 20. Evidence from the result revealed that, Anambra State MDGs has initiated and implemented various rural wealth creation programmes at different community of intervention, findings also revealed that beneficiaries (community) are significantly involved (grand mean 􀝔̅ = 3.228) in the initiation and implementation of rural wealth creation programmes and projects in Anambra State. Also the finding revealed that community participation has positive effects on rural community development. Therefore, in a bid to strengthen community participation in developmental project and programmes the researcher recommends the following Since the wealth creation programmes are targeted at the beneficiaries (community) the MDGs should endeavour to adopt Community Driven Development (CDD) strategy, where they will give the community (beneficiaries) more platform to actively participate, from initiation stage to the implementation stage that is before, during and after the execution of the projects and programmes. This will facilitates the attainment (success) and sustenance of such developmental programmes and projects; in order to strengthen positive effects of rural wealth creation programmes of MDGs. The agency (MDGs) head to create employment opportunities among the rural inhabitants (participating communities). This will eventually reduce rural to urban migration and give them (beneficiaries) especially the youth mean of livelihood that will totally eradicate poverty; the issue of poor funding, abandonment, conflict of interest and corruption should be properly handled by the agency (MDGs). This will reduce excessful waste of scarce resources, and create efficient utilization of both human and non-human resources, peaceful community and will also strengthen and encourage the community to participate actively in the developmental programmes and projects; and finally, the MDGs should set up management committees of various communities of intervention and also establish independent monitoring team that will evaluate the level of project implementation. This will also boost community participation and strengthen the sustenance of the projects. This, if these recommendations are taking into consideration by the policy makers the MDGs will achieve its vision before the targeted date (20:2020).

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