POWER STRUGGLE AND THE EMERGENCE OF TERRORISM IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCE

Author: Ikeora Nonso Gabriel
Department: Political Science
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

This work examined the linkage between power struggle and the emergence of terrorism and insecurity in Nigeria with Boko Haram insurgence as a case study. Based on the Group Theory as enunciated by Authur Bentley and Conflict Theory by Karl Marx, as well as, data generated from secondary sources, the work established that although variants of terrorism have always been in existence in Nigeria that it was the high level of political high handedness exhibited in the wake of the Fourth Republic by ex-while President Olusegun Obasanjo which culminated in his Third Term bid, the death of President UmaruYar’adua, his replacement with former Vice President who is not a northerner, the fresh bid by President Goodluck Jonathan to contest and the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) zoning principles in its entirety etc. that heightened terrorism in Nigeria. Consequently, the research found the Boko Haram insurgence and of course, that terrorism intensified due to the struggle of power and ascendancy by the component units in Nigeria. It recommends that there is the need for total political restructuring to reduce the struggle for power at the center, as well as, the overhauling of the Nigerian security system to be more proactive for maximum security.

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