PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL SYMTOMS AND NUMBER OF TRIPS AS PREDICTORS OF HOSTILITY AMONG COMMERCIAL DRIVERS

Author: Aguanunu Raphael Ikechukwu
Department: Psychology
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Akwa

This study was aimed at examining the impact of some psychopathological symptoms (obsessive-compulsion, paranoid ideation, and anxiety) and number of trips on hostile tendency among commercial drivers in Awka. 132 commercial drivers from different motor parks (Unizik bus stand, temporary site, Aroma, and Government House) in Awka, Anambra State were used. They were selected via simple random sampling technique. The ages of the participants ranged from 20 to 57 years with a mean age of 36.39 years and standard deviation of 9.47. 10-item obsessive- compulsive symptoms sub scale, 10-item anxiety symptoms sub scale, 6- item hostility sub scale, and 6-item paranoid ideation sub scale of symptoms distress checklist 90 were used in the study. Multiple regression analysis was used as statistical tool for data analysis. The findings indicated that the first hypothesis which stated that number of trips, paranoid ideation, anxiety, and obsessive compulsion will jointly and significantly predict hostile tendency among commercial drivers was confirmed, F (4,127) = 34.91, P <. 05 level of significance. The second hypothesis which stated that paranoid ideation will significantly and independently predict hostile tendency among commercial drivers was confirmed at β= .61; t= 6.22, P.05 level of significance. The result also indicated that anxiety is not a significant predictor (β= .09; t= 1.27, P>.05) of hostility among commercial drivers. Therefore the fourth hypothesis which stated that anxiety will significantly predict hostile tendency among commercial drivers was not confirmed. Finally, the fifth hypothesis which stated that number of trips targeted to cover by commercial drivers will predict their tendency to be hostile was confirmed at β=.35; t= 3.03, P<.05 level of significance.

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