PSYCHOLOGICAL HARDINESS AND PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT AS PREDICTORS OF SOMATIZATION AMONG HEALTH WORKERS

Author: Simon Maxwell Tom
Department: Psychology
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

This study investigated whether psychological hardiness and perceived social support predicts somatization. A total number of 363 health workers consisting of 116 males and 247 females with the age range of 24 to 60 years and a mean age of 37 years and standard deviation of 9.78, selected from Anambra state university teaching hospital AmakuAkwa, Beacon Hospital Awka, Okoye Specialist Hospital Awka, Nnamdi Azikiwe Teaching hospital Nnewi and Regina Cealis Hospital and material Awka, through convenience sampling technique. The first instrument used in this study is Connor Davidson resilient scale developed by Connor and Davidson (2003) validated by Campbell Cohen & Stein (2006). The second instrument used in this study is a multi-dimensional scale of perceived social support. It was developed by Zimet, Dehilum and Farley (1988) and validated by Barkoff, workman & Powell (1990). The third instrument was adopted from symptoms distress check list “SCL 90”. It was developed for use in Nigeria by Omoluabi (1996). The study employed linear regression analysis as the appropriate statistical tool. Two hypothesis were tested at P<.05 level of significance. The first hypothesis which stated that there will be a significant relationship between psychological hardiness and somatization among health workers was accepted while the second hypothesis which stated that there will be a significant relationship between perceived social support and somatization among health workers was rejected. The result of the study showed that psychological hardiness significantly predicts somatization while perceived social support did not significantly predict somatization. The researcher therefore recommended that the Chief Medical Directors of different hospitals should increase the social support offered to health workers for their psychological wellbeing and as preventive measure against somatization.

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