REVOLUTION IN FRANTZ FANON: A PARADIGM FOR THE NORTH AFRICAN REVOLUTIONS

Author: Ezenduka Aloysius Ifeanyi
Department: Philosophy
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The Algerian Psychiatrist, Frantz Fanon in his life time advocated for a violent revolution which he saw as a necessary instrument in the Algeria struggle for independence in the late 1950s from her French colonial masters. For him decolonization is necessary and it is the uprooting of the colonial system as a whole through the use of violet means. However, he believed that colonialism is a violent phenomenon and as such a greater violence is needed to counter it. Moreover, it is substantially clear that most North African countries have been engulfed in political crises in recent times and these led to series of violet revolutions in the region. The people of the region adopted violent means in their revolution which aimed at overthrowing their “die on the seat” leaders. The regional adoption of violence is seen to be a follow up of Fanonian revolutionary theory and principle which uses violence as its revolutionary method. The questions remain: What is revolution and why do they occur? Are revolutions necessarily violent upheavals or can there be non violent revolutions? What kind of political system could best guarantee the rights and freedom of the North Africans since monarchical system of government has failed to establish the required freedom thereby igniting the flames of revolutions? Will violent revolutions enthrone the desired liberation from the existing government bearing in mind that not all political revolutions usher in a good government? Using the philosophical method of analysis this thesis argues that Negotiated revolution which uses dialogue as its instrument of change is a better option that violent revolution. It also shows that authentic democracy remains the valid political system that can best guarantee the required rights and freedom of North Africans. It finally shows that there is need for regional education of what democracy is all about in North Africa since some of the masses are ignorant of this current political system.

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