GOD, CREATIVITY AND PROCESS: A CRITICAL EVALUATION OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF WHITEHEAD

Author: Ekemezie Ikechukwu B.
Department: Philosophy
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

Primordially, the concepts of God, creativity and process have been a subject of philosophical debate for ages. Deists and atheists alike are enmeshed in arguments and counter arguments concerning the proper conceptualization of the nature of God. Is God material or immaterial? If God is spiritual or otherwise, how does He relate to the cosmos? Is God part of nature or distinct from nature? How do we objectively conceptualize God as God? What is the relationship between the concept of God and the concepts of creativity and process? Is the concept of God subordinated to the concept of creativity in the ongoing process of reality? Alfred North Whitehead ushered in a revolution in philosophy when he used the concept of organism to replace the traditional concept of substance. In his magnum opus, Process and Reality, he sought to answer the question of the concept of God by proposing that God is part of the organic system of the universe. God in his contention is the supreme actual entity, and He perfectly exhibits all the functions of an actual entity. Furthermore, Whitehead reasoned that metaphysical coherence cannot be actualized by seeing God as an exception to the rules. On the contrary, God is the chief exemplification of the metaphysical principles by which all things are to be explained. Whitehead’s creativity is the basic principle and activity of self-creation generic to all individual actual entities. The self creative process by which an actual entity realizes its subjective aim includes unifying its many prehensions of the past and adding to them something new which is the entity’s own creative contribution to the cosmic process. In all these he argued that, the universe is characterized by process and change and therefore, the flux of things is the one ultimate generalization around which we must weave our philosophical system. This study critically evaluated the concepts of God, creativity and process in Whitehead’s Philosophy. It also consistently employed the analytic method of philosophy to unravel the tenability or otherwise of Whitehead’s proposition. This dissertation boldly disapproves the Whiteheadian notion, that, God has a dual nature and deduces that Whitehead’s concepts of God, creativity and process are laden with equivocation, inconsistency and ambiguity.

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