Archive for the ‘Faculty of Education’ Category

EMPLOYERS’ APPRAISAL OF TERTIARY BUSINESS EDUCATION GRADUATES ON MODERN OFFICE JOB COMPETENCIES IN EDO AND DELTA STATES OF NIGERIA

August 24, 2016

Author: Udoye Rita Nneka
Department: Vocational Education
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

Employers, as the major stakeholders, are in the best position to appraise the employees competencies hence they were the subjects for this study. This study therefore sought to find out how much of relevant job competencies that tertiary business education graduates possess in modern offices in Edo and Delta States of Nigeria. Six research questions and four null hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study consists of 1,342 employers of tertiary business education graduates. This number also served as the purposive sample since all of them were used for the study and the study adopted the descriptive survey design. The instrument for data collection was a 94-item questionnaire titled Job Competency Questionnaire (JCQ) which was constructed by the researcher. The instrument was duly validated by experts in test and measurement, had a reliability coefficient of 0.83. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while the four null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using the t-test. The findings of the study revealed that overall, tertiary business education graduates were rated much (with a mean value of 3.58) in all the six clusters surveyed. However, within the clusters of office job competencies, the rating was low in ability of follow office protocol and ability to prepare official reports. Within the cluster of electronic competencies, the rating was low in competency in the use of facsimile machine. In the interpersonal competency cluster, ability to be empathic was rated low, while in teamwork competencies, ability to spur workforce to perform was rated low and in problem solving competency cluster, ability to analyze situation and ability to reason abstractly was rated low. It was concluded that tertiary business education graduates generally possessed the competencies as presented in the clusters. Recommendations were made to the effect that: employees should have access to retraining programmes to enhance their performance at work and government agencies in charge of curriculum of tertiary institutions should ensure such contents that prepare the students for the modern trends in offices.

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EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL PEER-TUTORING ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN OFFICE PRACTICE IN BUSINESS STUDIES IN OYO EDUCATION ZONE OF OYO STATE

August 22, 2016

Author: Olawoyin Rasheed Olawale
Department: Vocational Education
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The objectives for which business studies as a subject is included in the curriculum of junior secondary schools are to facilitate the acquisition of basic knowledge of business, help students develop basic skills for office occupation for personal use and to prepare them for further training in business education. Students of junior secondary schools have proven achievement of these objectives to be difficult due to the perennial poor performance in the subject. This study therefore, investigated effects of reciprocal peer tutoring on students’ achievement in business studies in Oyo education zone of Oyo state. Quasi-experimental design of non-equivalent control group was adopted. Four research questions were raised and answered while four null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. A total of 76 junior secondary school II students participated in the study. An instrument titled Business Studies Achievement Test (BSAT) was used for data collection. The instrument was face validated by two experts. The instrument produced a test-retest reliability coefficient value of 0.86. The arithmetic mean was used to answer research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used in testing the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings from the study revealed that students who were taught business studies using reciprocal peertutoring (RPT) performed higher than the students taught using conventional method at post-test. The outcome of the study also revealed that male and female students taught using RPT were not significantly different in their achievement in business studies. It was therefore recommended that the Nigerian government and other stakeholders should encourage the use of RPT in teaching business studies and other vocational subjects with a view to improving students understanding and achievement in the subjects.

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ASSESSMENT OF THE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ADOPTED BY SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES (SMEs) IN ANAMBRA STATE

August 17, 2016

Author: Okolo Juliana Ebele
Department: Vocational Education
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The purpose of this study was to assess the financial management practices adopted by small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) in Anambra State. Specifically, the study covered the area of funds sourcing, funds allocation, control of funds and accounting records keeping of these enterprises. Four research questions guided the study and six null hypotheses were tested in the study. The population of the study was 2256 small and medium scale entrepreneurs who registered with the state ministry of commerce, Industry and Technology. A sample of 677 entrepreneurs made up of 426 small and 251 medium scale entrepreneurs in the three senatorial zones of Anambra State were used for the study. A 56 item questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire was tested for validity and reliability coefficient of 0.64,0.70,0.71 and 0.73 were obtained for sub-sections (B1-B2) thus the Alpha coefficient stood at 0.76. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean to answer the research questions. Inferential statistics of one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 level of significance were used to test the hypotheses. The results showed that the extent of adoption of sundry fund sourcing avenue, sundry fund allocation practices, sundry control measures and sundry accounting record practices in managing the business finances by small and medium scale entrepreneurs in Anambra state were very low. Small and medium scale entrepreneurs do not differ significantly in their mean ratings on the extent they adopt sundry fund sourcing avenues to finance their businesses and sundry fund allocation practices as a result of their scale of business. Experienced and inexperienced medium scale entrepreneurs do not differ significantly in their mean ratings on the extent they adopt sundry fund allocation practices in their enterprises. Based on the findings, the researcher recommended among others; that small and medium scale entrepreneurs in Anambra state should make concerted efforts to adopt financial management practices identified by this study to enable them acquire enough funds, manage and control the funds adequately for functional business operations and expansions.

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DEVELOPMENT OF WORK-BASED LEARNING GUIDE FOR STUDENTS’ INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE SCHEME SUPERVISORS OF UNIVERSITY UNDER GRADUATES IN AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY

August 17, 2016

Author: Ogundare Olumuyiwa Ekundayo
Department: Vocational Education
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

This study was designed to develop a work-based learning guide (WBLG) for SIWES supervisors of university undergraduates in automobile industry. The study sought answers to five research questions and three null hypotheses were tested. A research and development survey (RDS) design was used to conduct the study; RDS is a survey design that can be administered just once to a given group of people to obtain data for purpose of development of procedures. A questionnaire was developed with five point rating scale and was administered to 82 respondents; 56 in selected 22 automobile servicing industries and 26 lecturers in three universities in Oyo State. The return rate of the questionnaire was 100%. They were collected by the researcher and two research assistants. The instrument was earlier validated by five experts, who were three lecturers, one from Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, two from University of Ibadan and two engineers who were SIWES supervisors from the automobile industries. Reliability test was also conducted and the analysis yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.86 which was considered reliable for the study. The data collected were analyzed, using descriptive statistics of means, standard deviation, percentage and inferential statistics of t-test. The findings show that only nine items under auto-electricity were undecided upon, to be included in the tasks for auto-electricity into WBLG; while other aspect of auto-electricity and every item under instructional schedule and time frame required for auto-mechanic works, auto-alignment and wheel balancing works and criteria required for effective evaluation of WBLG and the estimated time of evaluation were decided upon, and accepted as required for inclusion into WBLG for automobile industry. The findings, further show that there was no significant difference between the two sets of supervisors, that is, the university lecturers and the supervisors in the industry, in their required tasks necessary for effective training of WBLG in auto-industries. Recommendations were made for the successful utilization of the WBLG in auto-industries; that Industry-based supervisors should apply WBLG as their skill imparting work-plan for the students training, and that University-based supervisors should also adopt the use of WBLG in guiding, supervising and good assessment of SIWES students. It was concluded that, work-based learning guide will be an effective tool for imparting practical skills and moral excellence to SIWES trainees in becoming competent manpower that are required for the modern automobile industries.

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Effect of Utilizing Systems Instructional Approach Model In Developing Psychomotor Skills among Students of Building Trade in Technical Colleges in Imo State

August 17, 2016

Author: Nwachukwu Alex Onyema
Department: Vocational Education
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University

This study was conducted to find out the effect of using systems instructional approach (Dick & Carey) model in developing psychomotor skills among students of building trade in technical colleges in Imo State. The poor performance of building trade students in practical work (psychomotor skill) in the National technical Certificate Examination (NTC) conducted by National Business and Technical Education Board (NABTEB) in recent times prompted this research work. The study is an attempt to find solution to the poor academic performance of students of building trade in their practical paper II of the National Technical Certificate Examinations being conducted by NABTEB, while also helping to improve the teachers’ ability on how to deliver their lessons successfully using step-by-step (using skills check-list) embedded in the systems instructional approach. The researcher viewed with utmost concern the over dependency by technical teachers on the predominant lecture (chalk & talk) method of instruction which is only suitable for large audience, note-taking, and for cognitive and affective development. The researcher reviewed indepth, scholarly literature pertaining to the study to sharpen the focus of this research work under the following sub-headings: conceptual framework, theoretical framework, theoretical studies, review of related empirical studies and summary of review of related literature. The researcher adopted the systems instructional approach and designed his instruction prior to the commencement of the study. The design employed was the quasi-experimental research, non-equivalent control group design to ascertain the effectiveness of the systems instructional approach model, using 150 National Technical Certificate II students of the four technical colleges in Imo State. The instrument for data collection was the Psychomotor Skills Achievement Test in Building Trade (PSATBT) developed by the researcher. Three research questions were analyzed using the mean comparative method, while analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and paired samples t-test statistic were used to test the four hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Results of the study among others showed that there was significant difference between the academic achievement of the experimental and control groups in the post-test (PSATBT) as revealed by their mean scores in favour of the experimental group. This was attributed to the treatment (systems instructional approach model) given to the experimental group. Based on this, some recommendations were made for effective application of the systems instructional approach model for psychomotor skills’ development by technical teachers. This particularly will serve as a standard for guiding teachers in designing instructional activities that have to do with psychomotor skills impartation. It will also safeguard technical teachers against setting unrealizable or immeasurable instructional objectives, improper use of instructional techniques and biased assessment of students’ work piece, thereby resulting in poor academic achievement of the students. The researcher further recognized that with the rapid growing unemployment among graduates, competent psychomotor skills development would enhance employment creation through self-employment and out-sourcing skilled labour. Lastly some suggestions were made for further studies in other technical areas.

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