Archive for the ‘Faculty of Management Sciences’ Category

ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGs) AND IT’S EFFECTS ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ANAMBRA STATE

November 7, 2016

Author: Onyekineso Johnpaul
Department: Cooperative Economics and Mangement
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

Community participation is commonly understood as the collective involvement of people in accessing the programmes and projects that are designed to cater for their needs. The importance of community participation in millennium development goals wealth creation programmes and project is non negotiable. Communities in Anambra State lacks some basic infrastructures (e.g. road network; health care; electricity, water, affordable education etc) which are capable of improving their quality of life. The study examined the effects of community participation on rural development with reference to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) wealth creation programmes in Anambra State. The sample size of 318 respondents were determined through multistage sampling technique. Data gotten were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics with the help of SPSS version 20. Evidence from the result revealed that, Anambra State MDGs has initiated and implemented various rural wealth creation programmes at different community of intervention, findings also revealed that beneficiaries (community) are significantly involved (grand mean 􀝔̅ = 3.228) in the initiation and implementation of rural wealth creation programmes and projects in Anambra State. Also the finding revealed that community participation has positive effects on rural community development. Therefore, in a bid to strengthen community participation in developmental project and programmes the researcher recommends the following Since the wealth creation programmes are targeted at the beneficiaries (community) the MDGs should endeavour to adopt Community Driven Development (CDD) strategy, where they will give the community (beneficiaries) more platform to actively participate, from initiation stage to the implementation stage that is before, during and after the execution of the projects and programmes. This will facilitates the attainment (success) and sustenance of such developmental programmes and projects; in order to strengthen positive effects of rural wealth creation programmes of MDGs. The agency (MDGs) head to create employment opportunities among the rural inhabitants (participating communities). This will eventually reduce rural to urban migration and give them (beneficiaries) especially the youth mean of livelihood that will totally eradicate poverty; the issue of poor funding, abandonment, conflict of interest and corruption should be properly handled by the agency (MDGs). This will reduce excessful waste of scarce resources, and create efficient utilization of both human and non-human resources, peaceful community and will also strengthen and encourage the community to participate actively in the developmental programmes and projects; and finally, the MDGs should set up management committees of various communities of intervention and also establish independent monitoring team that will evaluate the level of project implementation. This will also boost community participation and strengthen the sustenance of the projects. This, if these recommendations are taking into consideration by the policy makers the MDGs will achieve its vision before the targeted date (20:2020).

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE ADOPTION OF NEW AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES BY MEMBERS AND NON-MEMBERS OF AGRICULTURAL CO-OPERATIVES IN ANAMBRA STATE

November 7, 2016

Author: Onuoha Onyekachi Chibueze
Department: Cooperative Economics and Management
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The study compared the socio-economic and institutional factors affecting adoption of new agricultural technologies by members and non-members of agricultural Co-operatives alongside the level of awareness of new agricultural technologies, their adoption and challenges faced by each of the groups. The study area is Anambra State and the population of the study was made up of all the 45 Agricultural Co-operative Societies that collaborate with the Anambra state Agricultural Development Programme (ASADEP) and all the individual farmers that collaborate with ASADEP. A multi stage sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 320. Primary data was sourced through the use of structured questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed using both descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (regression, ANOVA). The findings made include that there is a significant difference in the level of awareness and adoption of new agricultural technologies between members and non-members of agricultural co-operatives. Awareness and adoption of new technologies are higher among members of agricultural cooperatives compared to non-members. Some factors that affect the adoption are sex, age, educational qualifications, farm size, household size, level of extension services and mass media sensitization. The key Challenges affecting adoption of the new technology are inadequate finance, lack of infrastructure, inadequate farm land and high cost of farm labour. However, the challenges encountered by the two groups differ significantly. Recommendations made include greater encouragement of extension services, use of Small Plot Adoption Trial (SPAT) in disseminating new information of new technologies, promotion of co-operative groups and provision of regular educational seminars, workshops and symposia by ASADEP, Secondary co-operatives and co-operative department.

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DETERMINANTS OF SAVINGS AMONG MEMBERS OF COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES ANAMBRA STATE

November 7, 2016

Author: Okeke Uju
Department: Cooperative Economics and Management
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

This study examines the determinants of savings among members of cooperative societies in Anambra state. Specifically, it provides empirical evidence on the socioeconomic characteristics of members of the co-operatives and ascertains which of the socio-economic characteristics significantly determine savings mobilization among members of the cooperative groups. It also ascertained the range of savings of the members of the cooperative groups and identified the cooperative members reasons for saving. Data for the study were obtained from 100 cooperative members’ with the aid of well structured questionnaires through a simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. Results obtained showed that on the average the members save N12,241.57 every month. The major reasons for saving as indicated by the respondents are for security, statutory savings as cooperative member, investment and to obtain Loans. The R2 value of 0.916 obtain indicates that about 91.6% of observed variation in savings by farmers could be attributed to the combined influence of the various independent variables included in the regression equation. The F-statistic with 95.342% was significant at 0.000 level of significance. Five variables (Duration of Cooperative Membership, Age, Distance to the savings Institution, Household Income and Household Expenditure) are identified to have significant influence on savings. Consequently, the study recommends among others that to increase the farmers savings potentials, saving should be made statutory as cooperative member. The members should also be encouraged to invest more no matter how small. Members should have predefined reasons before saving to enable them make judicious use of whatever amount saved. There is the need to improve the livelihood strategies of the farmers to bridge the noticeable gap that exist in the farmers savings range.

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EFFECTS OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA

November 3, 2016

Author: Okeke Chinwe Susan
Department: Cooperative Economics and Management
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

This research was on the effects of community participation in rural development in Anambra State, Nigeria. This was in terms of conception, implementation and use of rural development projects. The research design for the study was descriptive. The population for the study was 4,182,032. A sample of four hundred (400) was drawn using Taro Yamani and multistage sampling techniques. The major sources of data were primary data which was drawn mainly with a questionnaire. Secondary data such as text books, journals and internet material were used for the review of related literature. The instruments used for analysis were both descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics used were table, mean and standard deviation while inferential statistics was regression analysis. Chi Square test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to test the hypotheses. Findings revealed that rural people participated in the establishment of rural projects such as markets and rural roads. Their participation in establishment and use of rural projects were found to have been influenced by their socio-economic background such as age, marital status and association. The most significant were age and marital status. Indeed, use of rural development projects was found to have significantly enhanced their socio-economic wellbeing. However, certain challenges such as illiteracy, needs differences among others constrain them from participating in rural development activities. In view of the findings, the researcher recommended that the literacy level of the rural dwellers should be improved through formal and informal education such as film shows, counseling, seminars and evening classes. Also, the level of participation by the rural dwellers should be increased through sensitization programmes that will enable them form more community based organizations such as fund raisers association and farmers’ association.

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ASSESSMENT OF THE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN ANAMBRA STATE

October 31, 2016

Author: Okafor Ifeoma
Department: Cooperative Economics and Management
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

This study dwelt on assessments of participation of women in agricultural cooperative societies in Anambra Slate, focusing at determining the extent to which the socio economic background of the women cooperators in agricultural cooperatives have affected their participation, the extent to which women are involved in the leadership of the cooperatives and their depth of involvement in deciding the goals of the cooperatives. To accomplish the objectives of the study, three hundred and fifty six (356) farmer cooperators were randomly selected from the four agricultural zones in Anambra State. In this research, descriptive analytical methods were extensively used. These include frequency distribution tables, percentages, bar chart, doughnut chart and average mean. To determine the extent to which women are involved in the leadership of the cooperatives and also The women’s involvement in deciding goals , five points Liken scale analysis were employed. For the hypotheses posed, inferential statistics were used to analyse the three formulated hypotheses. Hypothesis one was tested with regression while hypotheses two and three were tested with Paired t-Test model. The research revealed that the socio economic backgrounds of the women have significant effect\relationship with their level of participation. The research also revealed that women participate significantly in agricultural cooperative goal setting and decision, making process .Optimal realization of these objectives were hindered by gender discrimination, poor access lo extension services, cultural hindrances illiteracy and weak educational exposure, household responsibilities, long distance to meeting venues etc. In order to overcome these challenges, proper education, skill acquisition and training should be given to women, this will help them to participate and also acquire more knowledge on how to manage agricultural business. Again, there should be no discrimination on whom to assume the executive positions, everyone should be given equal opportunity to democratically participate in the management of cooperative business. This will encourage the women and motivate them to superior performance. More so, women cooperators should at all time provide ideas that will bring about growth and development to their societies. By so doing, their opinion will always be sought and their fellow members and societies will always recognize their presence and impact.

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