Posts Tagged ‘State’

ROBERT NOZICK’S CONCEPTION OF THE STATE: A PHILOSOPHICAL EVALUATION

April 10, 2017

Author: Ogbuishi Anthony Abuchi
Department: Philosophy
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The state viewed from Nozick’s perspective as argued in his Anarchy, State and Utopia, should control no more power than the minimal function of guaranteeing the entitlement rights of the individual citizens. In the named book, Nozick expounded a conservative and libertarian notion of the minimal state and the entitlement theory of justice as against the reformative and egalitarian notions of the state and distributive justice advanced in John Rawl’s book, A theory of Justice. The problematic, that this study undertakes to investigate borders on the strength and achievements of Nozick’s conception of the minimal state. Accordingly, the study, in seeking reasonably justifiable answers is poised to know: the extent of correctness of Robert Nozick libertarian and minimal conception of the state. It probes into the seeming ‘neutrality’ of Nozick’s conception of justice – his just and minimal state. In other words this study wish to scrutinize or perhaps clearly establish whether or not Nozick’s theory of justice succeeded in closing the gap that leads to oppression in the society. And why Nozick tends to hold curiously an anti-social and anarchistic postures regarding justice in state also forms part of our probing. Though the views on ‘the state’ have relatively changed through the ages, a general philosophical conceptualization of the state would at least be said to have been based on the origin, formation, nature, character, essence and purpose, of the state; the use of state power and apparatus; the entitlements and rights, of both the state officials and citizenry; and on how the ideal state should be. While this line of thought is what provides or informs our background, the subject of our study is Robert Nozick’s conception of the state. Having in mind the task of this study, which is to evaluate from the philosophical point of view Nozick’s notion of the state, the method adopted for this work is basically analytical which consists in analysis and would involve a step by step process of clarification of concepts by an elucidation of their use to our discourse. Our major findings are: that Nozick’s conception of the state is a defence of capitalism and free-market economy; Nozick is opposed to socialism and its welfarism but would tolerate this and / or other socialist activities so long as these do not infringe on the individuals rights which for him are basic and absolute. This rather immaculate Nozickean notion of the state is hard to attain and even if it is realized could easily relapse into anarchic society.

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The State and Internal Security in Nigeria: A Study of Anambra State, 1999 – 2013

January 26, 2017

Author: Alumona Ikenna Mike
Department: Political Science
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The essence of the state as acknowledged by many authorities is the provision of security and welfare for the citizens. It is, therefore, a fundamental responsibility of every state to ensure the safety of its citizens and others living within its territorial jurisdiction. In this regard, the incidence and character of insecurity in Anambra State, like in other states of Nigeria, has continued to raise serious doubts about the commitment and capability of the Nigerian state to provide adequate security for her citizens. This dissertation examined the role of the Nigerian state on the incidence and character of insecurity in Anambra state, in the period 1999 – 2013.The study relied mainly on a combination of primary and secondary sources of data. In doing this, the Marxist theory of the post – colonial state was adopted as the theoretical framework. The study found that the structural – functional weaknesses of the Nigerian state which has manifested in the constellation of some external and internal factors is responsible for the character of insecurity in Anambra state. Some of these factors include: the dysfunctionality of the Nigerian state, the structure of Nigeria’s federal governance, the parasitic character of the governing class in Anambra state and the excessive premium placed on power by the political class. It also found that the governance of security in Anambra state has not adequately responded to insecurity in the state because of the politicization of security structures and the processes of governance. The implications of these include the loss of confidence in the state by the citizens which has also affected their attitude to the state and their socio – economic responsibilities. On the basis of these findings, veritable recommendations were advanced. They include reforming the governance structure in the security sector, equity and re – orientation in policing, effective intelligence gathering and substantial improvement in the living standard of the people through qualitative education and economic empowerment. These recommendations if successfully implemented will help to check the incidence of insecurity in Anambra state and other parts of Nigeria.

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THE EPISTEMOLOGY OF PLATO’S CONCEPTION OF IDEAL STATE

June 16, 2014

AUTHOR: OKECHUKWU DANIEL CHIDIEBERE

DEPARTMENT: PHILOSOPHY

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

Plato introduced his ideal state to salvage bad governance that could spring up from bad leaders. He classified the citizens of his Republic into three categories; Guardian (Rulers), Auxiliaries (Military) and the Artisans (Farmers). He apportioned duties for each of the three classes and conditions that make one a member of either of the classes. He defined duties for both the sate and individuals that make up the state and introduced Justice as a means of assuring peace in the state, which is by the principle of one minding his duties without interfering with others. The individuals owe the state a duty of obedience, while the state on the other hand owes the individuals a duty of security and provisions of other amenities. Finally, Plato’s ideal state is a pace setter for all generations and has made a whole lot of positive impact which prevails over his mistakes throughout the history of political Philosophy.
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GODFATHERISM AND GOVERNANCE IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA. THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION AS A PANACEA

February 18, 2014

AUTHOR: ONWUGBONU, LEONARD IFEANYI 

DEPARTMENT: RELIGION AND HUMAN RELATIONS

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

Change of government entails the transition from one crop of leaders to another. Godfatherism was discovered as a factor that has become an antidote to the truncating of the smooth process of succession of governments in Nigeria. It is equally clear that money has become a factor that plays a major role in seeking to appease the godfathers from the godsons who are interested in political positions. The work found out that in trying to get to these political positions; various plots are employed by way of killing, maiming, false thumbprinting, falsification of results, snatching of ballot boxes as part of the process to the making of the godsons and anointed candidate to come into the seat of power. The consequence is that the electorate is disregarded, utterly disrespected and politically denied the dividends of their hard earned democracy. The purpose of this work therefore is to expose the factors that have brought about the social cancer or worm of godfatherism; its historical underpinnings, the consequences and effects on the Nigerian polity. The methodology employed here includes both the primary and secondary materials. Print media and newspapers were very useful since it was used to unearth the popular dissent of many Nigerians of this social problem. The findings here show that if Nigerians can get it right from the very inception of change of government, people responsive government will be given birth to and thereby enhancing socio-political and economic development of the nation.

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GANDHIAN CONCEPT OF THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE STATE – A CRITICAL (PHILOSOPHICAL) APPRAISAL

September 26, 2013

AUTHOR: OBIANKE CYRIL .O.

DEPARTMENT: PHILOSOPHY

AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY AWKA

Social and political Philosophy has been saddled with the problem of the relationship between the individual and the state. This research focuses on the Gandhian concept of the individual and the state using the method of analysis. Gandhi is of the view that the individual is of supreme value. He is a free moral agent that must subsume himself to working for social progress. The survival of the community, society or state is contingent on effective freedom of the individual. Gandhi idealized a nonviolent democracy and non violent socialism well rooted on individual freedom, justice and egalitarianism. He had an anarchist idea of a society where coercion will be supplanted by concord and the laws of state would become increasingly unnecessary due to the reciprocity of trust and obligation in the relationship between men. After a thorough analysis we came to the conclusion that the best relationship that can exist between the individual and the state is a synergy of both parties, all working for the common good.

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