LABOUR TURNOVER AND ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY IN PZ CUSSONS (NIG.) PLC AND GLOBAL COM. (NIG.) LTD

July 13, 2017

AUTHOR: EZEIGBO CHIGOZIE SAMUEL
DEPARTMENT: BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
FACULTY: MANAGEMENT SCIENCES
AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

This study Investigated Labour Turnover and Organizational Productivity in PZ Cussons (Nig.) Plc and Globalcom (Nig.) Limited. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The relevant data for the study were collected through a set of self developed structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using frequency table, percentage distribution and statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). Findings revealed that the causes of labour turnover in the study include: The characteristics of the job, unrealistic expectations, organizational culture and performance of the job. Based on these findings, it was concluded that for organization to retain its employees, there is need for it to consider every aspect of its productive operations by organizing requisite skill training for its staff. Based on the conclusion, it was recommended that for retention of workers to be made possible, motivational incentives that could foster workers job satisfaction and commitment should be provided. Equitable measure of reward system should be commensurate with workers job performance. Also, organizational support system that could promote workers’ good health and reduction of occupational hazards should be provided for all levels of workers in order to achieve workers retention.

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SELF- AND PEER-ASSESSMENT SCORES AS PREDICTORS OF TEACHER- ASSESSMENT SCORES IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE OF ANAMBRA STATE

July 12, 2017

AUTHOR: IFEJIKA PATRICIA IFEYINWA
DEPARTMENT: EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION
AFFILIATION: NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA

The main purpose of this study was to find out the extent to which self-and peer–assessment scores predict the teacher-assessment scores in secondary school in Awka Education Zone of Anambra State. The study employed correlational research design. Seven-research questions and seven hypotheses were formulated for the study .The population of the study was 13,002 students and 68 economics teachers in the 61 secondary schools in Awka Education Zone. A sample of 803 students (449 males and 354 females) and 26 economics teachers were obtained for the study through proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The instrument for data collection was a short essay test in Economics. Two experts, one in measurement and evaluation unit of Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka and another in Department of Economics of Faculty of Social Science, Anambra State University Uli validated the test .The t-, F–test, and test of significance for β, were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The major findings were that: a positive moderate relationship exists between self-assessment scores and teacher-assessment scores, a higher positive moderate relationship exist between peer assessment scores and teacher-assessment scores, male students’ self assessment scores showed a higher relationship to the teacher-assessment scores, the contribution of peer-assessment scores in predicting teacher assessment was stronger than self-assessment scores. The major conclusions were that self -and peer – assessment scores are valid assessment scores, and that male students’ self-assessment scores related more to the teacher assessment scores. Based on these conclusions, it was recommended among other, that policy makers should incorporate self-and peer-assessment as part of assessment techniques to improve continuous assessment in schools, and there should be intensive training and exposure of students to these assessment techniques.

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HUMAN EXISTENCE IN ARTHUR SCHOPENHAUER: A DIALECTICAL APPROACH

April 10, 2017

Author: Ukaegbu Paschal Ozioma
Department: Philosophy
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

Arthur Schopenhauer is a frontline German idealist. His metaphysics on human existence had attracted volumes of reactions from scholars down the centuries. Human existence has remained a metaphysical question yet to be resolved exhaustively. Why am I in this world? What is the meaning of life? Why suffering, hunger and death? These probing questions have disturbed the minds of most concerned scholars. Arthur Schopenhauer is not left out in this crusade. His major concern revolves round the human will in relation to the world. Exactly why he dramatically packaged his thought in his Magnum Opus, The World As Will and Representation. Summarily, Schopenhauer views human existence as meaningless and empty. This apparently sounds contradictory to the normal conception of life as sweet and valuable. This work is aimed at dissipating this strange thought of Schopenhauer and possibly striking a balance. We are convinced that dialectical method will bring us result since; it is the best method for contradictory assumptions and thoughts. Ultimately, metaphysics can never be known a priori or by means of the human intellect only. This is Schopenhauer’s view perhaps due to Kant’s influence. He maintains that the body’s subjective experience of the will was the key to metaphysics. There is this connection between the subjective experience of the will to the will’s objective experience and eventually the universal concept of the will. This dramatically represents Schopenhauer’s view. The universe known to the human perceiver, including the totality of the human organism is will objectified .This ‘will’ becomes representation and eventually is translated into perception. Schopenhauer’s philosophy values non existence and denial of being. This point is greatly reflected in his thought about suicide which till today remains the fabric of his writings especially as it relates to ethics. Consequently, the will –in-itself is compulsive, never satiated. It is readily attractive to appreciate Schopenhauer’s recommendation of intellectual aesthetic distraction which could be derived from art or music. These two sources can at least afford one the opportunity of temporal interludes where one contemplates freely and escapes the nagging demands of the insatiable will.

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ROBERT NOZICK’S CONCEPTION OF THE STATE: A PHILOSOPHICAL EVALUATION

April 10, 2017

Author: Ogbuishi Anthony Abuchi
Department: Philosophy
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The state viewed from Nozick’s perspective as argued in his Anarchy, State and Utopia, should control no more power than the minimal function of guaranteeing the entitlement rights of the individual citizens. In the named book, Nozick expounded a conservative and libertarian notion of the minimal state and the entitlement theory of justice as against the reformative and egalitarian notions of the state and distributive justice advanced in John Rawl’s book, A theory of Justice. The problematic, that this study undertakes to investigate borders on the strength and achievements of Nozick’s conception of the minimal state. Accordingly, the study, in seeking reasonably justifiable answers is poised to know: the extent of correctness of Robert Nozick libertarian and minimal conception of the state. It probes into the seeming ‘neutrality’ of Nozick’s conception of justice – his just and minimal state. In other words this study wish to scrutinize or perhaps clearly establish whether or not Nozick’s theory of justice succeeded in closing the gap that leads to oppression in the society. And why Nozick tends to hold curiously an anti-social and anarchistic postures regarding justice in state also forms part of our probing. Though the views on ‘the state’ have relatively changed through the ages, a general philosophical conceptualization of the state would at least be said to have been based on the origin, formation, nature, character, essence and purpose, of the state; the use of state power and apparatus; the entitlements and rights, of both the state officials and citizenry; and on how the ideal state should be. While this line of thought is what provides or informs our background, the subject of our study is Robert Nozick’s conception of the state. Having in mind the task of this study, which is to evaluate from the philosophical point of view Nozick’s notion of the state, the method adopted for this work is basically analytical which consists in analysis and would involve a step by step process of clarification of concepts by an elucidation of their use to our discourse. Our major findings are: that Nozick’s conception of the state is a defence of capitalism and free-market economy; Nozick is opposed to socialism and its welfarism but would tolerate this and / or other socialist activities so long as these do not infringe on the individuals rights which for him are basic and absolute. This rather immaculate Nozickean notion of the state is hard to attain and even if it is realized could easily relapse into anarchic society.

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THE CONCEPT OF FORCE IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF PLACIDE TEMPELS: A CRITIQUE

April 10, 2017

Author: Ogbo Ignatius N.E
Department: Philosophy
Affiliation: Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka

The history of African Philosophy has been plagued with plethora of problems. Most of these problems came about as a result of the wrong impressions the western philosophers have about Africa and her philosophy. Among other things, they argued that African philosophy lacks depth, rationality, originality, coherency and that African philosophy is not true philosophy but ethnophilosophy. Amidst these problems, a Belgian Missionary, Placide Tempels who came to East Africa came up with his work “Bantu Philosophy”. In this work, he tried to show that Africa truly have their own philosophy. In an attempt to buttressing this fact he popularized the Bantu’s concept of force. He believed that this concept of force underlies the worldview not only of the Bantus but also of Africa. The problem here is that he tried to portray the Bantu concept of force as the overall belief of the whole of Africa. Again his contention anchors on a strict and narrow sense of philosophy which distances philosophy from being a collective enterprise. His position again does not in any way define Africa’s idea of being holistically. Moreover, his idea of Bantu philosophy is ethnophilosophy, a cultural display which has no solid foundation. Based on all these problems and findings we shall use the method of critical analysis to show that Placide Tempels did not approach the issue of African philosophy holistically viz-a-viz Bantu philosophy. This is absurd and not true in the African sense.

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